Institutional Biotech Hub of Birjhora Mahavidyalaya

Biotechnology concerns with the exploitation of biological agents or their components for generating products and services. Biotechnology has been recently invigorated by the development of genetic engineering, which has now applications in all area of biotechnology. The Government of India has established Department of Biotechnology to promote the biotechnological activities in the country and to keep pace competing with other countries. The development of biotechnology is totally dependent on the biological richness or biodiversity as it support the optimum exploitation of biological components for researches.

Institutional Biotech Hub of Birjhora Mahavidyalaya

The North east region of India is one of the richest areas in biodiversity. Without northeast region the biotechnological achievement in India is obscure. There is huge scope of biotechnological research in this region to exploit the natural resources in Industrial use, production of herbal medicines, discovering of new food resources forcommercialization and genetic resources for crop improvementas well as inenvironmental protection and cleaning. But due to constrain in infrastructural facilities and communication north east region is lagging behind in this field.

Considering, the potentiality in the field of this area, the Department of Biotechnology, of India started to launch some programs to augment biotechnology research work in this area. DBT has stared opening one State level Biotech Hub in every state of Northeast and Institutional biotech hub in universities colleges and other governmental Institute from 2010-11. Birjhora Mahavidyalaya also applied for opening one institutional Biotech Hub in the collegeand obtained grant from the DBT. Birjhora Mahavidyalaya received 19 Lakh for the firstyear to procure instruments and consumables,infrastructure development of laboratory and for appointment of research fellow,4.5 Lakh In the second Installment and9.79 Lakhin third installment to maintain the research work and to install power backup system. Now, one research fellow is working in the biotech hub.

The Birjhora Mahavidyalaya Biotech Hub is now working on the nutritional evaluation of wild fruits, vegetables and mushroom available in this region and the research is going on.

&nbps;

BIOTECH HUB PROGRESS REPORT, 2016

Research Activities:

In terms of research activities the hub has undertaken the phytochemical analysis to evaluate the nutritional value from wild vegetables. Phytochemical analysis of the nutritional value of wild edible mushrooms is another work in progress. Isolation and enumeration of the aero micro flora and the soil microbes of the college is also being undertaken. There is a research scholar appointed for performing the activities of the laboratory.Phytochemistry, microbiology and molecular biology are the area of Specialization.

Major achievements:

  1. Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Pigment Content in SechiumEdule by Dr. Neelanjana Baruah,Mr. Bhaskar Jyoti Sharma and Dr. Iswar Chandra Barua.
  2. Estimation of pigment, protein and carbohydrate contents of some leafy vegetables in the Bongaigaon district of Assam, India with particular reference to Blumialanceoria, Amorphophalluspaeniifolius(Dennst.) Nicolson and HouttuyniacordataThunb by Mr. Bhaskar Jyoti Sharma, Mr. Nilkamal Choudhury and Dr. Dinesh Chandra Deka.

Publication of research paper:

  1. Traditional rice varieties (oryza sativa l.) Cultivated in Bongaigaon area of Bongaigaon district, Assam by Dr. Ranu Roy. Associate professor, Botany dept. Birjhora Mahavidyalaya inInternational Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2016, pp 1033-1041, ISSN: 0254-8755.
  2. Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Pigment Content in SechiumEdule by Dr. Neelanjana Baruah, Mr. Bhaskar Jyoti Sharma and Dr. Iswar Chandra Barua in International Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2016, pp 721-726, ISSN: 0254-8755.
  3. Estimation of pigment, protein and carbohydrate contents of some leafy vegetables in the Bongaigaon district of Assam, India with particular reference to Blumialanceoria,Amorphophalluspaeniifolius(Dennst.) Nicolson and HouttuyniacordataThunb. by Mr. Bhaskar Jyoti Sharma, Mr. Nilkamal Choudhury and Dr. Dinesh Chandra Deka in International Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2016, pp 947-950, ISSN: 0254-8755.

Extension activities:

During the session 2015-16 the biotech hub had conducted two workshops; one for the students of the college and the other for the teachers from different institutions of the district as a part of the promotion of the biotechnology in the region.

  1. A workshop was organised under the theme “Hands on Molecular Biology “on 3rd and 4th days of September, 2015. Dr. Sandeep Das, Assistant professor of Dept. of Biotechnology, Bodoland University, Kokrajhar, BTAD, Assam was the resource person for the two-days workshop. He Dealt with the Hands on and technical sessions on “Basics of Biotechnology”, “DNA Isolation from the Blood of cattle”, “DNA amplification in the Thermo Cycler” and technique of “Gel Electrophoresis of DNA”. The session on “Protein estimation by biuret method from plant sample” was undertaken by B. J. Sharma, Research Scholar of the hub. Altogether 35 students from the college with Botany and Zoology as major subjects participated in the event.
  2. A training programme with the theme “Biotechnological Tools and Techniques” was organised by the Institutional Biotech Hub from 17th to 19th March, 2016 in which Mr. Manash Jyoti Kalita, Research Scholar of Assam University, Diphu Campus was the resource person. Mr. Kalita dealt with the techniques of ‘Isolation of DNA from the plant leaf’, ‘Amplification of DNA with the Thermo cycler (PCR)’ and ‘Gel electrophoresis of DNA and observation in Gel Doc chamber’ during the four technical sessions. Demonstration on ‘Protein Estimation of plant material by Lowrey’s Method’ was done by Mr. Bhaskar Jyoti Sharma. Altogether 21 participants (teachers and students) from different schools and Colleges of Bongaigaon and Chirang district participated in the three days programme.

Outreach programmes:

  1. D. C. Deka, coordinator, IBT Hub and Mr. B.J. Sharma, Research Scholar visited and demonstrated the instruments to the students and faculty members on 30th December, 2015 of Kashikotra H. S. School, BTAD Assam.
  2. D. C. Deka, coordinator, IBT Hub and Mr. B.J. Sharma, Research Scholar visited and demonstrated the instruments to the students and faculty members on 15 Feb, 2016 on inauguration of BLiSS, Bijni Bandhab School, Chirang, BTAD Assam.
  3. D. C. Deka, Coordinator, IBT Hub, participated as the chief guest in the “Hands on training on Biotechnological tools and techniques” organised by the BLiSS, Bongaigaon Railway Higher Secondary School on27th February, 2016.
  4. B. J. Sharma, Research Scholar, IBT Hub participated as resource person in the “Hands on training on Biotechnological tools and techniques” organised by the BLiSS, Bongaigaon Railway Higher Secondary School on27th February, 2016 as one of the resource persons.
  5. B. J. Sha.rma, Research Scholar, IBT Hub participated in the workshop and training programme organised by the BLiSS, Kashikotra H. S. School, Kashikotra, Chirang on 10th May, 2016, as a resource person and delivered a talk on ‘Interaction of Microbes With The Environment’ and demonstration on operation of various instruments.

Future Plan

The biotech hub is entrusted to work not only in the field of research but also for the promotion of biotechnological aspects in the institution as well as in the locality. The hubplans to invite higher secondary students from the nearby institutions to introduce them with the field of biotechnology and biotechnological research.